Michael Antonoiu: “As a fellow scientist who has publicly expressed concerns about the safety of GM crops and foods for many years, I wish to congratulate Dr Caius Rommens for having the courage to speak out on his misgivings about these products. It is exceptionally courageous given the inevitable attacks that will come his way from the GM biotech industry and its supporters. With his background in the GM crop industry the experience and insight he provides is hugely informative and impactful and I hope all those involved will take note.”
The Creator of GMO Potatoes Reveals The Dangerous Truth – Exclusive Interview
The Ex-Director of J.R. Simplot and team leader at Monsanto, Caius Rommens, has revealed the hidden dangers of the GMO potatoes he created, in a wide ranging interview for Sustainable Pulse, on the same day that his book ‘Pandora’s Potatoes: The Worst GMOs’ was released on Amazon.
How many years did you spend working on creating GM potatoes? Was this all lab-based work or did you get out to see the farms that were growing the potatoes?
During my 26 years as a genetic engineer, I created hundreds of thousands of different GM potatoes at a direct cost of about $50 million. I started my work at universities in Amsterdam and Berkeley, continued at Monsanto, and then worked for many years at J. R. Simplot Company, which is one of the largest potato processors in the world. I had my potatoes tested in greenhouses or the field, but I rarely left the laboratory to visit the farms or experimental stations. Indeed, I believed that my theoretical knowledge about potatoes was sufficient to improve potatoes. This was one of my biggest mistakes.
Have the GM potatoes you helped create been approved by the FDA and EPA in the U.S. or indeed elsewhere in the world?
It is amazing that the USDA and FDA approved the GM potatoes by only evaluating our own data. How can the regulatory agencies assume there is no bias? When I was at J.R. Simplot, I truly believed that my GM potatoes were perfect, just like a parent believes his or her children are perfect. I was biased and all genetic engineers are biased. It is not just an emotional bias. We need the GM crops to be approved. There is a tremendous amount of pressure to succeed, to justify our existence by developing modifications that create hundreds of millions of dollars in value. We test our GM crops to confirm their safety, not to question their safety.
The regulatory petitions for deregulation are full with meaningless data but hardly include any attempts to reveal the unintended effects. For instance, the petitions describe the insertion site of the transgene, but they don’t mention the numerous random mutations that occurred during the tissue culture manipulations. And the petitions provide data on compounds that are safe and don’t matter, such as the regular amino acids and sugars, but hardly give any measurements on the levels of potential toxins or allergens.
The Canadian and Japanese agencies approved our GMO potatoes as well, and approvals are currently considered in China, South Korea, Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, Mexico, and the Philippines.
What was your role at Monsanto and J.R. Simplot?
I led a small team of 15 scientists at Monsanto, and I directed the entire biotech R&D effort at Simplot (up to 50 scientists). My initial focus was on disease control but I eventually considered all traits with commercial value. I published hundreds of patents and scientific studies on the various aspects of my work.
Why did you leave firstly Monsanto and then later J.R. Simplot?
I left Monsanto to start an independent biotech program at J.R. Simplot, and I left J.R. Simplot when my ‘pro-biotech’ filter was wearing thin and began to shatter; when I discovered the first mistakes. These first mistakes were minor but made me feel uncomfortable. I realized there had to be bigger mistakes still hidden from my view.
Why have you decided to reveal information about the failings of GM potatoes after spending many years creating them?
I dedicated many years of my life to the creation of GMO potatoes, and I initially believed that my potatoes were perfect but then I began to doubt. It again took me many years to take a step back from my work, reconsider it, and discover the mistakes. Looking back at myself and my colleagues, I believe now that we were all brainwashed; that we all brainwashed ourselves. We believed that the essence of life was a dead molecule, DNA, and that we could improve life by changing this molecule in the lab. We also assumed that theoretical knowledge was all we needed to succeed, and that a single genetic change would always have one intentional effect only.
We were supposed to understand DNA and to make valuable modifications, but the fact of the matter was that we knew as little about DNA as the average American knows about the Sanskrit version of the Bhagavad Gita. We just knew enough to be dangerous, especially when combined with our bias and narrowmindedness. We focused on short-term benefits (in the laboratory) without considering the long-term deficits (in the field). It was the same kind of thinking that produced DDT, PCBs, Agent Orange, recombinant bovine growth hormone, and so on. I believe that it is important for people to understand how little genetic engineers know, how biased they are, and how wrong they can be. My story is just an example.
Will GM potatoes not lead to larger yields and bigger tubers?
I somehow managed to ignore the almost daily experience that GM potatoes were not as healthy as normal potatoes. They were often misshapen, stunted, chlorotic, necrotic, and sterile, and many GM plants often died quickly. One of the reasons for this genetic inferiority is that GM potatoes are derived from ‘somatic’ cells, which are meant to live for only one season (to support a stem or leaf structure). These cells don’t have the genetic integrity to create new plants (like pollen cells and egg cells). So, by transforming somatic cells, we created GM potatoes that contained hundreds of genetic mutations, and these mutations compromised yield. Additionally, the genetic modifications often have ‘unintended’ effects that negatively affect both the agronomic performance and nutritional quality of a crop.
GM potatoes are meant to be bruise resistant, isn’t this a big benefit to farmers and food producers?
Normal potatoes easily develop damaged tissues that are entry points for pathogens and exit points for water. I believed that the GM potatoes were bruise resistant but now understand I was wrong. The GM potatoes bruise just as easily as normal potatoes, but the bruises are concealed. They don’t develop the dark color that helps processors identify and trim them. I didn’t understand that my potatoes were incapable of depositing melanin, a protective compound, when damaged or infected. More importantly, I didn’t understand that the concealed bruises accumulate certain toxins that may compromise the nutritional quality of potato foods.
Are the biotech traits in GM potatoes genetically stable?
A trait is stable only if it fits in the natural environment of the plant genome. If it doesn’t fit, which is often the case with GM crops, the trait may get silenced or recombined. My ex-colleagues at Syngenta and Monsanto often told me about their (under-reported) problems with GM corn and soybean, but none of their crops were as unstable as the GM potatoes. Two of the potato traits have already been lost and several others appear to be weakening.
Late blight resistance in GM potatoes has been sold as a major breakthrough, surely this is the case?
Late blight is one of the very few plant diseases that speak to the imagination, mostly because it caused major famines in Europe that forced millions of Europeans to migrate to the United States. But that was in the 1840s. Late blight is not a big issue where most potatoes are grown in the United States, which is in the arid Northwest, and late blight represents a manageable issue in the minor, more humid potato growing regions. Farmers there would like to have access to late blight resistant potatoes, but they would still have to worry about dozens of other diseases and pests that can be equally harmful.
My concern is that any attempt to promote the production of GM potatoes in humid regions (as vulnerable as Bangladesh and Indonesia) would actually increase rather than reduce disease issues. Furthermore, late blight is one of the most dynamic pathogens affecting agriculture. It is known to quickly evolve around any barrier to resistance. Therefore, the efficacy of a late blight resistance gene can never be guaranteed, and the resistance gene can be broken at any moment. In fact, some European and Middle American strains have already broken the resistance.
Are GM potatoes less carcinogenic, as suggested by the GMO industry?
I guess that many people will ask themselves: are potatoes carcinogenic? I don’t think there is any evidence for that. So, an even more interesting question is: why would GM potatoes be promoted as less carcinogenic?
Do GM potatoes include a legally acquired gene?
I mostly modified potatoes by using their own DNA. In other words, I used the DNA of a public variety to create a proprietary variety. This strategy may be ethically problematic but is legally acceptable. However, one of the genes that were used to create the GM potatoes is derived from a unique wild potato plant that grows in Argentina. I believe that the attainment and patenting of this gene without permission from Argentina was an act of biopiracy.
Is it possible for GM potatoes to cause gene-silencing in other potatoes or pollinating insects such as bees?
The problem with certain insects, including bees, is that they cannot degrade the small double-stranded RNAs that cause gene silencing. These double-stranded RNAs were intended to silence several potato genes in tubers, but they are likely to be expressed in pollen as well. So, when the pollen is consumed by bees, the double stranded RNAs in this pollen may silence bee genes that share inadvertent homology.
Your new book Pandora’s Potatoes, which is available to the public for the first time this week, includes many points as to why the GM potatoes you helped create should not be grown by farmers or eaten by the public. What would you like to say to the FDA and EPA?
The main problem about the current process for deregulation of GMO crops is that it is based on an evaluation of data provided by the developers of GMO crops. There is a conflict of interest. I propose that the safety of GMO crops is assessed by an independent group of scientists trained at identifying unintended effects.
Where can people find your new book ‘Pandora’s Potatoes’? The book is now available on Amazon.https://sustainablepulse.com/2018/10/09/...w/#.W82pwGhKhD9
Moms Across America
What's Happening with the Monsanto Trial?
Glyphosate Girl Kelly, who blogged the entire Monsanto Trial for 7 weeks, speaks with Moms Across America's Zen Honeycutt and moms about the Monsanto Trial verdict which may be overturned by Judge Bolanos of the San Francisco Supreme Court despite the unanimous vote of the jury.https://www.facebook.com/MomsAcrossAmerica/videos/304268013493016/
RFK, Jr.: “American agrochemical giant #Monsanto paid a public-affairs consultancy up to $230k+ to set up a "grassroots farmers" operation across Europe to oppose a prospective EU ban on glyphosate”
How lobbyists for Monsanto led a ‘grassroots farmers’ movement against an EU glyphosate banhttps://unearthed.greenpeace.org/2018/10/17/monsanto-red-flag-glyphosate-roundup-eu/
The EPA Quietly Approved Monsanto's New Genetic-Engineering Technology
It’s the first time RNA interference will be used to kill insect pests.
DvSnf7 dsRNA is an unusual insecticide. You don’t spray it on crops. Instead, you encode instructions for manufacturing it in the DNA of the crop itself. If a pesky western corn rootworm comes munching, the plant’s self-made DvSnf7 dsRNA disrupts a critical rootworm gene and kills the pest.
The first product DvSnf7 dsRNA will show up in is SmartStax Pro, a line of genetically modified corn seeds made in collaboration between two agricultural giants, Monsanto and Dow. The RNAi part comes from Monsanto, which has its eye on a number of RNAi applications. Monsanto expects corn seed with RNAi to be on the market by the end of this decade.https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/06/monsanto-rna-interference/531288/
What Congress Does Next on the Farm Bill Could Cost Farmers and Taxpayers Billions
Farm bill negotiators are considering taking an axe to the Conservation Stewardship Program, the crown jewel of the federal government's efforts to encourage farmers to adopt more sustainable practices.
Maybe you’re not familiar with the farm bill (no one completely understands it), or maybe you’re more concerned with other happenings, like the current attack on science at the EPA. I can’t say I blame you. But if you like to eat food and drink clean water—and you want strong returns on your tax dollars—then listen up.
The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly of Today’s Farming Systemhttps://civileats.com/2018/08/31/what-co...ayers-billions/
RFK, Jr.: “This global calamity demands a termination of all pesticides except those proven innocent. Companies like Bayer and #Monsanto should be regarded for what they are, criminal enterprises waging chemical warfare against our children.”
‘Hyperalarming’ study shows massive insect losshttps://www.washingtonpost.com/science/2...m=.b7d56d667bf9
Glyphosate Test Results
This group was created because many people have been asking where they could post their test results for glyphosate in their water, urine or home testing of food. Please post a picture if you can, but definitely the item name, the brand of food, zip code, city, state, and result. For instance: Gerber baby food, 92691, Mission Viejo CA 50-200 ppb. THANK YOU!https://www.facebook.com/groups/240465883313342/?hc_location=group
"We did the right thing": jurors urge judge to uphold Monsanto cancer ruling
After judge suggests she will overturn $289m verdict, those behind it call for justice for Dewayne Johnsonhttps://gmwatch.org/en/news/latest-news/...o-cancer-ruling
Over 200 global food movement leaders and organizations reject "gene drives"
“Applying gene drives to food and agriculture turns biotech industry strategies on their head,” explains Jim Thomas, Co-Executive Director of ETC Group. “Previously GMO companies engineered the food crops. Now that consumers won’t buy GMO food, companies are coming to engineer the rest of the agricultural system instead – the weeds, the pests and the pollinators.”
“If spreading gene drives were to be released, they could pose an existential threat to organic, non-GMO and agroecological agriculture,” explains Peggy Miars, International Chair of IFOAM – Organics International, the umbrella organization for organic agriculture worldwide with close to 800 affiliates in 117 countries. “Any government who cares about protecting organic agriculture and the organic food market should move quickly to contain this threat.”https://www.gmwatch.org/en/news/latest-n...ect-gene-drives
Roundup exposure speeds up antibiotic resistance - study
The study, just published in scientific journal PeerJ, comes three years after Heinemann and colleagues reported for the first time that formulations were linked to various responses by potentially pathogenic bacteria.
The researchers previously found that exposure to the herbicide products Roundup, Kamba and 2,4-D or the active ingredients alone most often increased resistance, and sometimes also increased susceptibility of potential human pathogens such as Salmonella enterica and E. coli, depending on the antibiotic.
The latest study showed how herbicide formulations combined with antibiotics increased the rate of antibiotic resistance development, by a change in the genetic makeup of the bacteria by a factor of tens of thousands.
"That is why we call the herbicides gasoline for a fire," Heinemann said.https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=12141543
Agrichemicals and antibiotics in combination increase antibiotic resistance evolution - 10/12/18
...Our work demonstrates that bacteria may acquire antibiotic resistance in the environment at rates substantially faster than predicted from laboratory conditions.https://peerj.com/articles/5801/
How lobbyists for Monsanto led a "grassroots farmers'" movement against an EU glyphosate ban
“If you know your product is safe, you don’t have to use such methods. It really is a scandal. Sadly, this is fully in line with Monsanto’s behaviour throughout the whole glyphosate [relicensing] campaign.”https://gmwatch.org/en/news/latest-news/...-glyphosate-ban
Australia: States reject proposal to deregulate new GM techniques
Ministers agreed that further consideration of the risks posed by gene editing techniques was needed before a decision could be made.https://gmwatch.org/en/news/latest-news/...w-gm-techniques
Trial date set in dicamba "ecological disaster" litigation against Monsanto, BASF
Herbicide caused widespread crop damage after drifting across fields, lawsuit says
There's background to this case here:https://www.ecowatch.com/missouri-peach-farm-sues-monsanto-dicamba-drift-2133507960.htmlhttps://www.gmwatch.org/en/news/latest-n...t-monsanto-basf
Gene drive organisms: German ministry warns of risks from releases
If a gene drive is inserted in the genome, the process of genetic engineering becomes self-organised and will replicate in each generation thereafter. The new genetic information can spread much faster within populations than would otherwise be the case under normal conditions. The proof of principle for such genetic chain reactions has been shown in yeast, mosquitoes, flies and more recently in mammals.https://www.gmwatch.org/en/news/latest-n...s-from-releases
The Three Stooges of Science Denial: The Genetic Literacy Project, Sense About Science, and STATS
STATS, the GLP, and SAS claim to be all about promoting sound science in public debate and policy making, but their origins and personnel make it abundantly clear that they are not in the business of improving the quality of scientific discourse, but of running a public relations campaign aimed at manipulating and inhibiting scientific debate to serve corporate interests.https://www.gmwatch.org/en/news/latest-news/18507-
Moms Across America
South Koreans Take Stand Against GMOshttps://www.momsacrossamerica.com/south_koreans_take_stand_against_gmos
Glyphosate, the issue poisoning Macron's government
French President Emmanuel Macron made a campaign promise: to ban glyphosate, the weedkiller sold under the Roundup brand. But last week, his party’s lawmakers rejected an amendment to do that, raising accusations they are beholden to the farm lobby.https://www.france24.com/en/20180923-fra...culture-lobbies
The glyphosate debate reaches New Zealandhttps://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=12119085