Transcriptome profile analysis reflects rat liver and kidney damage following chronic ultra-low dose Roundup exposure

Robin Mesnage1, Matthew Arno2, Manuela Costanzo3, Manuela Malatesta3, Gilles-Eric SÚralini4 and Michael N. Antoniou1*

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Received: 21 April 2015
Accepted: 11 August 2015
Published: 25 August 2015


Our results suggest that chronic exposure to a GBH in an established laboratory animal toxicity model system at an ultra-low, environmental dose can result in liver and kidney damage with potential significant health implications for animal and human populations.
Arty turns 10 this summer.