Here are the descriptions of the County Court Judge duties and the Town Justice Courts.
The County Court is established in each county outside New York City. It is authorized to handle the prosecution of all crimes committed within the County. The Court generally handles felony cases (in which a sentence of imprisonment in excess of one year may be imposed).
The County Court also has limited jurisdiction in civil cases involving amounts up to $25,000. In addition, the County Court acts as an intermediate appellate court, hearing appeals from the City Courts and the Town and Village Courts.
TOWN JUSTICE COURTS
Welcome to the web site for New York State’s Town and Village Courts (collectively known as the Justice Courts). Many New Yorkers will have their first and only court experience in one of the almost 1300 locally-funded Justice Courts located throughout New York State (except for New York City).
These courts have jurisdiction over a broad range of matters, including vehicle and traffic matters, small claims, evictions, civil matters and criminal offenses.https://www.nycourts.gov/courts/cts-outside-nyc-COUNTY.shtml